Our planet is being plagued with a non-infectious epidemic of unprecedented scale. It infiltrates all regions and is adding to its long list of victims. Although it cannot be spread through contact with other people, this illness has already infected one sixth of the earth’s population. The non-severe version is called ‘being overweight’ whereas the severe version is called ‘obesity’.
Until recently, the main problem facing mankind was considered to be famine, which according to statistics affects approximately 800 million people. But not long ago obesity pushed it into second place as the amount of overweight people reached 1 billion.
Even in the USA (the country with the most advanced medicine in the world, where the population is covered by an extensive network of medical facilities on different levels), experts admit that 2/3 of the adult population suffer from obesity. Here are the current growth rates:
- In the near future this amount could increase to 3/4
- In a decade obesity will become the leader in the ratings for the most widespread cause of death.
Most researchers tend to think that mass obesity is the inevitable cost of increasing the welfare of a large portion of the population. The fast spread of this “non-infectious epidemic” is connected with the emergence of numerous states known as the “newly industrialized countries”.
“You are what you eat”
Information about the extent of this problem is not the worst news. What is a lot more serious is the fact that, to this day, no 100% effective remedy for overeating has been found. Among the most effective recommendations exists the view that one should combine the following factors involved in maintaining an optimal weight:
- Follow a healthy diet with natural food products
- Ensure the correct sleep and eating regime
- Encourage physical activity at every opportunity
- Use correctly suggested modern pharmacology
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle and develop a positive attitude towards the world.
Each one of these points could be researched more on their own. But to begin with, one must consider the gifts offered to mankind by Mother Nature instead by civilization. It is a happy coincidence that these gifts are the most common and universally accessible to the world’s population.
Top 10 natural fat burners
There are a number of natural products that increase the rate of consumption of calories received from food.
- Dairy products
- Green tea
- Red wine
Although the slogan “Food that kick-starts fat burning – it’s no myth!” should not be read as 100% true; including these products in one’s diet promotes correct digestive order, the excretion of toxins and excess fluids, and allows one to consciously influence their metabolism.
Water – the basis of life
Water is the impetus for the birth and continued existence on this planet. The natural balance of its composition allows for it to be used in almost all the important stages of the evolution of a living organism including metabolic processes. Specifically, this is due to the fact that:
- Its deficiency slows the metabolism and vice versa
- A higher consumption (approximately 2 litres per day) increases the nutritional effectiveness of even the strictest diet.
- For every 500ml of pure water consumed, metabolic rate increases by 30%
It helps to suppress appetite, increase the rate of burning calories, improve the assimilation of nutrients, and clear out excess salt from the organism. When observing one’s diet it is essential to remember that thirst can often be mistaken for the need for food. So by quenching this thirst, we reduce hunger, which prevents overeating.
The dietary value of dairy products
This category of natural fat burners includes low-fat dairy products with the exception of milk. Although it is the main sustenance for all growing mammals, the adult human organism is not always able to digest it fully.
The nutritional foundation of this group of food products is whey, which is:
- Characterised by a high content of animal protein
- A natural source of calcium and the hormone calcitriol (a substance that catalyses the process of breaking down subcutaneous fat into the necessary energy for the person).
Due to this chemical composition, whey provides the body with the necessary food substances without a substantial accumulation of surpluses. It also optimises the amount of digestible fats.
The green treasure of Asia
Green tea is a traditional drink in areas of Southeast Asia. This exact region has the lowest probability of encountering obesity among the vast majority of the population. The drink not only energises wonderfully and quenches thirst, but also:
- Accelerates metabolic processes
- Has an anti-carcinogenic effect
- Helps to eliminate toxins
- Contains caffeine, thiamine and catechins, breaks down subcutaneous and visceral fat that accumulates around the internal organs.
For dietary effect it is necessary to consume around 5 cups of freshly brewed leaf tea a day. This will help say goodbye to 70-80 calories.
The divine gift of the vine
Red wine, another “dietary” drink whose benefits are confirmed in the appearances of the inhabitants of the areas where it is distributed and consumed in moderate doses. It is also worthy of the status as a “fat burner” thanks to the active enzyme resveratrol.
Resveratrol is involved in the production of protein, which blocks the receptors of fat cells and slows down the formation of new clusters. It is also found in the skin of grapes and in white wine, however in these products the substance is quickly oxidised.
Red wine, however, provides the most favourable environment for the production and effectiveness of the enzyme. Regular consumption of just ½ a cup of the beverage daily after meals ensures a positive result.
Herbs and spices in diets
Recent research by nutritionists has revealed amazing properties in cinnamon. It turns out that it is more than just an aromatic flavouring that turns any pastry into a sophisticated dessert.
This spice has the ability to reduce blood sugar and inhibit the process of fat tissue accumulation. A daily dose of just ¼ teaspoon of cinnamon guarantees the optimal digestion of sugar. It can be added to coffee, tea, and even yoghurt.
This is not the only spice whose properties have been appreciated by nutritionists. Another good “fat burner” is ginger, as well as the traditional Slavic cooking ingredients mustard and horseradish. The mechanisms of their effects are somewhat different to that of cinnamon powder, however adding the aforementioned seasonings to food will have a similar effect.
“The dietary king” of citrus fruits
All citrus fruits possess a beneficial range of essential oils and flavonoids for the digestion of fats. But amongst them the principal “fat killer” is considered to be grapefruit. The chemical naringin makes it an indispensable fruit even for those following the strictest of diets. This flavonoid has a choleretic effect, which rapidly becomes visible in the metabolic processes. Large amounts of vitamin C in grapefruit also give it health qualities.
The largest content of Naringin is found in the translucent membrane separating the segments. It has quite a bitter taste that gives the fruit a piquant flavour. 2-3 segments a day of this bittersweet citrus will lower the amount of insulin in blood when raised beyond normal levels.
The exotic “21st century food”
That is exactly how exotic fruit lovers named the papaya on account of its ability to effectively fight against lipids and break down protein to optimal digestibility. Furthermore, this juicy fruit contains just about the entire set of known water-soluble vitamins.
The main active ingredient in papaya juice is the enzyme Papain. Its physiological effect resembles that of human gastric fluid. This is because of its properties that accelerate the metabolism and normalise digestive processes. Moreover, it leaves lipids without a chance to accumulate under the skin or on internal organs.
However the properties of this natural “fat burner” are preserved only with the correct consumption of papaya (just before/ after/ during mealtimes). This is due to the time limit on the activity of Papain, which is just 2-3 hours. But this will be enough to affect the ingested food if you act within the given time frame.
The characteristic of possessing few calories with fruit depends on the presence of sugars. Such a characteristic in raspberries is found much less than in other fruits. The “fat burning” quality in this case is determined by the content of fruit enzymes. These enzymes actively affect the discharge of gastric fluids as well as the breakdown of fats.
Therefore raspberries are best to consume on an empty stomach 30 minutes before a meal or immediately after it. Consuming just half a cup of berries will make sure that the excesses of a heavy meal doesn’t spoil your figure. But if you still feel overfull, a regular consumption of raspberries will help to speed up digestion.
“A fall from grace” – The pineapple
Not long ago the pineapple was considered almost a panacea against excess fat. This is due to its active element Bromelain, out of which many food additives and pills have been made for weight loss.
But recent studies have revealed a significant loss of enzyme activity when Bromelain was exposed to gastric fluid. The ability of this exotic fruit to break down lipids has been called into serious doubt.
Its place in the ranking was maintained thanks to its ability to reduce hunger on account of its rough and fibrous composition. The aid it provides for digestion, allowing pineapples to remain a desirable “partner” for meat, poultry, legumes, fish and dairy products has not been disputed. Additionally, as part of a dessert, it gives an exotic, flavoursome and aromatic touch to dietary products with even the lowest calorific content.
“Apple-powered” protection against diabetes and obesity
Apples are low in calories, can quickly satisfy hunger due to fibre content, and help to clean the intestines. Recent US studies have confirmed that apple skin contains ursolic acid, which can help to increase skeletal muscle mass and the amount of so-called “brown fat”. It leads to the burning of calories, which reduces the rate of weight gain and stops the development of diabetes.
In adults, brown fat is found in small amounts chiefly between the shoulder blades in the neck area. The health benefit of increasing its concentration is decreased levels of obesity. As a result, indicators of lipids and blood sugar level begin